F, b. circa 1623/24, d. after 1671
Herodias Long’s Difficult Life
This story is only peripherally connected to the Jenks ancestry. She may have been the grandmother of Deborah, the wife of Palmer Cleveland, was an ancestor of Orpha Jenks (which see). Herodias was, however, a relation by marriage of Palmer’s aunt Hannah Palmer who married Nicholas Gardner. Hannah was Palmer’s mother Deliverance’s sister. Herodias was the mother of Nicholas Gardner. Nicholas was the son of Herodias Long and George Gardner.
There was also a connection between Herodias and the Spaulding ancestry through the wife of John Porter, with whom Herodias lived with after George Gardner (see below).
Although not a blood relative of Palmer Cleveland, I include Herodias’s tale here because I found it interesting. One has to wonder how may similar tales are hidden away in the 17th
century New England.
“Herodias Long was born in England about 1623/24. She married John Hicks (not by her choice, se below) 14 March 1636/7 when she was only 13 or 14, and shortly thereafter the couple came to New England and settled in Weymouth, MA, Thence to Newport, RI. She and John had two children, Hannah and Thomas.
Apparently, her marriage to John Hicks was not a happy one, for on 7 March 1644/45 John was find 10 English pounds for beating his wife. By 19 October 1645 John had left Herodias and removed to Flushing, Long Island, NY, leaving her and their two children behind in Newport. At some point during her marriage to John Hicks she began an affair with George Gardner and John eventually found out, which is probably why he beat her and left for NY. He wrote to a friend from NY, “. . .her whoredom have freed my conscience” for leaving her.
Herodias receive a divorce from John Hicks in Rhode Island on 2 December 1643 and John was granted a divorce from Herodias in New York on 1 June 1655.
She lived with George Gardner as his common law wife giving birth to seven children between 1643 and 1658.
While she was still living with George Gardner, she became an ardent Quaker, and on 11 May 1658 she and Mary Stanton walked from Newport, RI, to Weymouth, MA to bear witness as a Quaker. She was ordered to suffer 10 lashes by then Mass. Governor Endicott. (Quakers were then persecuted for their religion in the Mass.. Bay Colony. Only in Rhode Island were they allowed to practice their faith.)
By 1664, Herodias's common-law marriage to George Gardiner had failed and she petitioned the King's Commissioners, then in Rhode Island, asking for a separation from George. The petition to Governor Benedict Arnold (Not the Benedict Arnold who was infamous as a traitor to the American cause during the Revolutionary War 1775-1781.)
Arnold referred the petition to the General Assembly.
"In her petition, Herodias states that upon her father's death she was sent to London by her mother 'in much sorrow and griefe of spirit, and there taken on by John Hicks unknown to any of my friends and said John Hicks married in the under Church of Paul's called St. Faith's Church, and in a little while after, to my great griefe, brought to New England, when I was between thirteene and fourteene years of age, and lived two years and halfe at Weymouth, twelve miles from Boston, and then came to Rhode Island about the year 1640; and there lived ever since, till I came heare to Pettycomscutt (now South Kingstown, RI). Not long after my coming to Rhode Island, soe that the authority that was then under grace, saw cause to part us, and ordered that I should have the estate which was sent mee by my mother, delivered to me by said John Hicks; but I never had it, but the said John Hicks went away to the Dutch, and carried away with him the most of my estate; by which meanes I was put to great hardship and straight. The I thought to goe to my friends. but was hindered by the warres, and the death of my friends. My mother and brother loosing their lives and estates in his Majestyes service, and I being not brought up not to labour, knew not what to do to have something to live, having noe friend; in which straight I was drawne to George Gardener to consent to him soe fare as I did, for my mayntainance. Yett with much oppression of spirit, judging him not to be my husband, never being married to him according to the law of the place; alsoe I told him my oppression, and desired him, seeing that hee had that little that I had, and all my labour, that he would allow mee some maintainance, either to live apart from him, or else not to meddle with mee; but hee alwayes refused. Therefore, my humble petition to your honours is, that of that estate and labour hee has had of mine; ant that the house upon my land I may enjoy without molestation, and that hee may allow mee my child to bring up with maintainance for her, and that he may be restrained from ever meddling with me, or troubling mee more.’”
The Commissioners handed the petition back to Governor Arnold on 20 Mar 1664/5 "to doe justice to the poore petitioner according to the best of your judgement."
On 3 May 1665 the Assembly decreed the separation of the parties, but because the couple had lived together in a state of ". . . abominable lust of fornication, contrary to the general apprehension of her neighbors, she having had by the aforesaid Gardner many children . . . soe that that horrible sin of uncleannes in which they lived for the space of eighteen or twenty yeares together . . ." they were each sentenced to pay a fine of 20 English pounds, and "the aforesaid Gardener and Horred are hereby straightly required that from henceforth they presume not to lead soe scandolose a life, lest they feel the extremest penalty that either is or shall be provided in such cases."
The Assembly "then proceeded to reenact the Act of 1647 for such cases, with further additions, and declared that it should be strictly enforced."
“At the same sitting of the General Assembly (3 May 1665) Mrs. Margaret Porter, the elderly wife of John Porter, presented a petition to the Assembly asking that her husband be made to support her.”
Margaret Porter (maiden name unknown?) Odding, who was born ca 1590 in England and had married William Odding by 1610, probably in Braintree, County Essex, England. He died in 1612, leaving Margaret a young widow with an infant daughter Sarah who was later to become wife of Spaulding ancestor Philip Sherman. Before 1629, Margaret married John Porter and she, probably with daughter Sarah, emigrated to Roxbury, MA in 1633. The family removed to Boston around 1637, thence to Portsmouth, RI, the next year. Philip Sherman and wife Sarah Odding removed to Portsmouth the same year
John Porter was some 18 years younger than Margaret, having been born about 1608, so her marriage to him was obviously one of convenience considering her need to support herself and teenaged Sarah.
Margaret’s life in Portsmouth was anything but happy, but she stuck with John until he abandoned her in 1656/7 when she was 66-67, and moved to Pettaquamscott (South Kingstown) where he took up with a younger woman. That younger woman was Herodias Long (Hicks) (Gardner).
Before he began living with Herodias, John Porter had been a highly respected resident of Portsmouth.
In her petition Margaret that she “doth most sadly complaine that her husband is destitute of all congugall love towards her, and suitable care for her; that hee is gone from her and hath left her in such a nessesetous state that unavoydably she is brought to a meere dependence upon her children for her dayley suply . . .”
On 27 Jun 1665, after having provided for Margaret, she received her divorce and soon afterwards John married Herodias.
Herodias Long, Hicks, Gardner, Porter died in the early 1670s.1
was also known as Horrod Long. Herodias was born at England circa 1623/24.2
As of 14 March 1636/37,her married name was Hicks.3,2
She married John Hicks
on 14 March 1636/37 at St. Paul's, London, England, She was only 13 or 14 when she married.4
She married George Gardner
at Newport, Newport, Rhode Island, before 1640. This was a common Law marriage and George had obviously been living with Herodias while she was still married to John Hicks.
She was in the process of being divorced from Hicks on 7 Mar 1644.
Hicks had sent a letter to John Coggeshall dated at Flushing, NY, 12 Dec 1643, requesting a divorce. He also obtained a divorce from Herodias citing adultery, no doubt with George Gardner..5,6,7
As of before 1640,her married name was Gardner.5,7
Herodias Long and an unknown person were divorced on 3 December 1644 at Newport, Newport, Rhode Island, Torrey states that she received a divorce from Hicks in Rhode Island on 2 December 1643.3,8
Herodias was divorced from George Gardner
at Newport, Newport, Rhode Island, on 3 May 1665.5
As of after 1665,her married name was Porter.9
She married John Porter
at Portsmouth, Newport, Rhode Island, after 1665.9
Herodias died after 1671 at Newport, Newport, Rhode Island.