Esther Nichols

F, b. 18 February 1652/53, d. 1684
Father*Caleb Nichols b. s 1619, d. a 8 Nov 1690
Mother*Ann Ward d. 23 Jul 1718
     Esther was born at Stratford, Fairfield, Connecticut, on 18 February 1652/53.1,2 She married John Prentice, son of Valentine Prentice and Alice unknown, at Stratford, Fairfield, Connecticut, circa 1683.3,4,1 As of circa 1683,her married name was Prentice.3,4,1 Esther died in 1684 at Fairfield, Fairfield, Connecticut.1

Family

John Prentice b. c 1627, d. 1691
Child

Citations

  1. [S653] "TAG", 34:81.
  2. [S504] Donald Lines Jacobus Families of Old Fairfield, 1:436.
  3. [S35] Clarence Almon Torrey, 601.
  4. [S100] Great Migration Begins , 3:1525.
  5. [S653] "TAG", 34:81, 83.

Caleb Nichols

M, b. say 1619, d. after 8 November 1690
Father*Francis Nichols b. c 1590, d. c 1650
Mother*(?) unknown
     He moved from Stratford, CT, to Woodbury, CT, in 1670 Twenty-One Nichols Families, 4.1 Caleb was born at England say 1619.2,1,3 He married Ann Ward at Stratford, Fairfield, Connecticut, before 1 December 1650. Marriage date based on birth date of first child, Sarah..2,4 Caleb Nichols lived in 1670 at Woodbury, Litchfield, Connecticut.1 Caleb died after 8 November 1690 at Woodbury, Litchfield, Connecticut.5,4

Family

Ann Ward d. 23 Jul 1718
Children

Citations

  1. [S155] Robert E. Nichols, Twenty-One Families in New England in the 1600s and Early 1700s, 4.
  2. [S30] James A. Savage, Savage, 3:279.
  3. [S504] Donald Lines Jacobus Families of Old Fairfield, 1:434.
  4. [S504] Donald Lines Jacobus Families of Old Fairfield, 1:436.
  5. [S653] "TAG", 34:85.

Ann Ward

F, d. 23 July 1718
     Ann was born at England.1 She married Caleb Nichols, son of Francis Nichols and (?) unknown, at Stratford, Fairfield, Connecticut, before 1 December 1650. Marriage date based on birth date of first child, Sarah..2,3 As of before 1 December 1651,her married name was Nichols.2 Ann died on 23 July 1718 at Woodbury, Litchfield, Connecticut.1

Family

Caleb Nichols b. s 1619, d. a 8 Nov 1690
Children

Citations

  1. [S653] "TAG."
  2. [S30] James A. Savage, Savage, 3:279.
  3. [S504] Donald Lines Jacobus Families of Old Fairfield, 1:436.

Child Prentice

?, d. 1631
Father*Valentine Prentice b. b 1601, d. b 3 Apr 1634
Mother*Alice unknown d. a 3 Apr 1634
     Child died in 1631. At sea.1

Citations

  1. [S100] Great Migration Begins , 3:1525.

Francis Nichols

M, b. circa 1590, d. circa 1650
ChartsRoger C. Wood Pedigree Chart
Margaret E. Spaulding Pedigree Chart
ImmigrantY
     Francis was born at England circa 1590.1 He married (?) unknown at England say 1612. His marriage, based on the supposed birth year of his eldest son, is given variously as 1609 (IGI), about 1616 (Ancestral File), and before 1625 (21 Nichols).

The 1625 year is too late because we know that his son John had to have been born before then in order to have fathered Hesther by 1635. Either of the two previous dates are possible depending on who the eldest child was and when he was born.

I estimate his birth year as 1613, therefore Francis's first marriage probably took place in 1612..1,2 Francis Nichols immigrated in 1639 to Stratford, Fairfield, Connecticut.3 He married Anne Wines, daughter of Barnabas Wines and Anna Eddy, at Stratford, Fairfield, Connecticut, in December 1645.1,4,2 Francis died circa 1650 at Stratford, Fairfield, Connecticut.5,2

Family 1

(?) unknown
Children

Family 2

Anne Wines b. 1 Mar 1629/30
Child

Citations

  1. [S155] Robert E. Nichols, Twenty-One Families in New England in the 1600s and Early 1700s, 2.
  2. [S504] Donald Lines Jacobus Families of Old Fairfield, 1:434.
  3. [S1049] Robert Charles Anderson, Great Migration Directory, 240.
  4. [S35] Clarence Almon Torrey, 535.
  5. [S30] James A. Savage, Savage, 3:279.
  6. [S653] "TAG", 34:84.

(?) unknown

F
ChartsRoger C. Wood Pedigree Chart
Margaret E. Spaulding Pedigree Chart
     As of say 1612,her married name was Nichols.1 She married Francis Nichols at England say 1612. His marriage, based on the supposed birth year of his eldest son, is given variously as 1609 (IGI), about 1616 (Ancestral File), and before 1625 (21 Nichols).

The 1625 year is too late because we know that his son John had to have been born before then in order to have fathered Hesther by 1635. Either of the two previous dates are possible depending on who the eldest child was and when he was born.

I estimate his birth year as 1613, therefore Francis's first marriage probably took place in 1612..1,2

Family

Francis Nichols b. c 1590, d. c 1650
Children

Citations

  1. [S155] Robert E. Nichols, Twenty-One Families in New England in the 1600s and Early 1700s, 2.
  2. [S504] Donald Lines Jacobus Families of Old Fairfield, 1:434.

Anne Wines1

F, b. 1 March 1629/30
Father*Barnabas Wines2 b. 14 Feb 1601/2, d. bt Jun 1678 - 10 Dec 1679
Mother*Anna Eddy2 b. May 1603, d. 7 Feb 1707
     Her married name was Tooker.3 Her married name was Youngs.3 Her married name was Elton.3 She was baptized on 1 March 1629/30 at St. Clement, Ipswich, Suffolk, England.2 As of December 1645,her married name was Nichols.4,5,3 She married Francis Nichols at Stratford, Fairfield, Connecticut, in December 1645.4,5,3 As of circa 1650,her married name was Nichols.2 Anne Wines married John Elton after 1650 at Fairfield County, Connecticut.3 Anne Wines married Capt. John Tooker before 1691 at Fairfield County, Connecticut.3 Anne Wines married Christopher Youngs circa 1691 at Fairfield County, Connecticut.3

Family 1

Francis Nichols b. c 1590, d. c 1650
Child

Family 2

John Elton

Family 4

Christopher Youngs b. c 1691

Citations

  1. [S504] Donald Lines Jacobus Families of Old Fairfield, 1:424.
  2. [S320] Robert Charles Anderson The Great Migration, 7:472.
  3. [S504] Donald Lines Jacobus Families of Old Fairfield, 1:434.
  4. [S155] Robert E. Nichols, Twenty-One Families in New England in the 1600s and Early 1700s, 2.
  5. [S35] Clarence Almon Torrey, 535.

Isaac Nichols

M, b. say 1615, d. 1694
Father*Francis Nichols b. c 1590, d. c 1650
Mother*(?) unknown
     Isaac was born at England say 1615.1,2 He married Margaret or Margery Washborne at Stratford, Fairfield, Connecticut, say 1645.3,4 Isaac died in 1694 at Stratford, Fairfield, Connecticut.1,4

Citations

  1. [S155] Robert E. Nichols, Twenty-One Families in New England in the 1600s and Early 1700s, 2.
  2. [S504] Donald Lines Jacobus Families of Old Fairfield, 1:434.
  3. [S155] Robert E. Nichols, Twenty-One Families in New England in the 1600s and Early 1700s, 2-3.
  4. [S504] Donald Lines Jacobus Families of Old Fairfield, 1:435.

John Nichols

M, b. say 1613, d. 1655
Father*Francis Nichols b. c 1590, d. c 1650; The birth dates of Francis's children are estimated based on plausible chronology of births spaced 2 years apart.1,2
Mother*(?) unknown
ChartsRoger C. Wood Pedigree Chart
Margaret E. Spaulding Pedigree Chart
     John was born at England say 1613.2 He married (?) unknown say 1634 at Stratford, Fairfield, Connecticut.3 He married Grace unknown at Stratford, Fairfield, Connecticut, after 1639.4,5 John died in 1655 at Fairfield, Fairfield, Connecticut.1,2

Family 1

(?) unknown
Child

Family 2

(?) unknown
Children

Family 3

Grace unknown
Children

Citations

  1. [S653] "TAG", 34:84.
  2. [S504] Donald Lines Jacobus Families of Old Fairfield, 1:434.
  3. [S504] Donald Lines Jacobus Families of Old Fairfield, 1434.
  4. [S155] Robert E. Nichols, Twenty-One Families in New England in the 1600s and Early 1700s, 5.
  5. [S30] James A. Savage, Savage, 3:280.
  6. [S30] James A. Savage, Savage, 3:281.

(?) unknown1

F
     (?) died. As of circa 1631,her married name was Nichols.

Family

John Nichols b. s 1613, d. 1655
Children

Citations

  1. [S653] "TAG", 34:81.
  2. [S30] James A. Savage, Savage, 3:281.

Grace unknown1

F
     Grace died. Her married name was Nichols.2,3 She married John Nichols, son of Francis Nichols and (?) unknown, at Stratford, Fairfield, Connecticut, after 1639.2,3 As of after 1655,her married name was Perry.4,1 She married Richard Perry at Fairfield, Fairfield, Connecticut, after 1655.4,1

Family 1

John Nichols b. s 1613, d. 1655
Children

Family 2

Richard Perry

Citations

  1. [S504] Donald Lines Jacobus Families of Old Fairfield, 1:434.
  2. [S155] Robert E. Nichols, Twenty-One Families in New England in the 1600s and Early 1700s, 5.
  3. [S30] James A. Savage, Savage, 3:280.
  4. [S35] Clarence Almon Torrey, 535.

John I, King of England "Lackland"1,2

M, b. 27 December 1166, d. 19 October 1216
John Plantagenet, King of England 1166-1216.
Father*Henry II, King of England b. 5 Mar 1133, d. 6 Jul 1189
Mother*Eleanor of Aquitane and Poitou b. 1123, d. 1204
     John (24 December 1166 – 19 October 1216), also known as John Lackland (Norman French: Johan sanz Terre) because he lost all of the French lands won by his father and grandfather, was King of England from 6 April 1199 until his death in 1216. John lost the Duchy of Normandy to King Philip II of France, resulting in the collapse of most of the English Angevin Empire and contributing to the subsequent growth in power of the Capetian dynasty of France during the 13th century. The baronial revolt at the end of John's reign led to the sealing of the Magna Carta, a document sometimes considered an early step in the evolution of the constitution of the United Kingdom.

John, the youngest of five sons of King Henry II of England and Duchess Eleanor of Aquitaine, was at first not expected to inherit significant lands. Following the failed rebellion of his elder brothers between 1173 and 1174, however, John became Henry's favorite child. He was appointed the Lord of Ireland in 1177 and given lands in England and on the continent. John's elder brothers William, Henry and Geoffrey died young; by the time Richard I became king in 1189, John was a potential heir to the throne. John unsuccessfully attempted a rebellion against Richard's royal administrators whilst his brother was participating in the Third Crusade. Despite this, after Richard died in 1199, John was proclaimed King of England, and came to an agreement with Philip II of France to recognize John's possession of the continental English lands at the peace treaty of Le Goulet in 1200.

When war with France broke out again in 1202, John achieved early victories, but shortages of military resources and his treatment of Norman, Breton, and Anjou nobles resulted in the collapse of his empire in northern France in 1204. John spent much of the next decade attempting to regain these lands, raising huge revenues, reforming his armed forces and rebuilding continental alliances. John's judicial reforms had a lasting impact on the English common law system, as well as providing an additional source of revenue. An argument with Pope Innocent III led to John's excommunication in 1209, a dispute finally settled by the king in 1213. John's attempt to defeat Philip in 1214 failed due to the French victory over John's allies at the battle of Bouvines. When he returned to England, John faced a rebellion by many of his barons, who were unhappy with his fiscal policies and his treatment of many of England's most powerful nobles. Although both John and the barons agreed to the Magna Carta peace treaty in 1215, neither side complied with its conditions. Civil war broke out shortly afterwards, with the barons aided by Louis of France. It soon descended into a stalemate. John died of dysentery contracted whilst on campaign in eastern England during late 1216; supporters of his son Henry III went on to achieve victory over Louis and the rebel barons the following year.

Modern historians agree that he had many faults as king, including what historians describe as "distasteful, even dangerous personality traits", such as pettiness, spitefulness, and cruelty. These negative qualities provided extensive material for fiction writers in the Victorian era, and John remains a recurring character within Western popular culture, primarily as a villain in films and stories depicting the Robin Hood legends. John was born at Oxford, Oxfordshire, England, on 27 December 1166.3,4,1,2 He married Isabella of Angouleme, daughter of Aymer de Valence Count of Angouleme and Alice de Courtenay, at England on 24 August 1200.5,4 John died on 19 October 1216 at England at age 49.3

Family 2

Child

Family 3

Isabella of Angouleme b. 1188, d. 3 Jun 1246
Child

Citations

  1. [S613] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, 9.
  2. [S720] Wikipedia, online http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Argyll
  3. [S149] Charlemagne's Descendants , 2:285.
  4. [S308] Ancestral Roots, Seventh ed. , 3.
  5. [S104] Royal Descents, of 500 Immigrants , 251.

Joan Plantagenet

F, d. 30 March 1236
Father*John I, King of England "Lackland" b. 27 Dec 1166, d. 19 Oct 1216
     She was the illegitimate daughter of the king and his mistress Clemence. Joan was later legitimated.1 She married Llewellyn ap Iowerth Prince of North Wales at England in 1206.2 Joan died on 30 March 1236.3

Citations

  1. [S613] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, 11.
  2. [S308] Ancestral Roots, Seventh ed. , 21.
  3. [S308] Ancestral Roots, Seventh ed. , 31.
  4. [S613] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, 520.
  5. [S613] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, 744.
  6. [S613] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, 745.

Llewellyn ap Iowerth Prince of North Wales

M, b. 1173, d. 11 April 1240
     Llewellyn was born at Wales in 1173.1 He married Joan Plantagenet, daughter of John I, King of England "Lackland", at England in 1206.2 Llewellyn died on 11 April 1240 at Aberconway, North Wales, UK.1

Family

Joan Plantagenet d. 30 Mar 1236
Children

Citations

  1. [S308] Ancestral Roots, Seventh ed. , 31.
  2. [S308] Ancestral Roots, Seventh ed. , 21.
  3. [S613] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, 744.
  4. [S613] Douglas Richardson, Plantagenet Ancestry, 745.

Margaret of Wales

F
Father*Llewellyn ap Iowerth Prince of North Wales b. 1173, d. 11 Apr 1240
Mother*Joan Plantagenet1 d. 30 Mar 1236
     Margaret died. Margaret was born.1 As of circa 1219,her married name was Brewes.2 She married John de Brewes, son of William de Brewes and Maud de Clare, circa 1219.2 She married Walter de Clifford at of Cliffords Castle, Hertfordshire, England, after 1233.1

Family 1

John de Brewes d. 18 Jul 1232
Child

Family 2

Walter de Clifford d. 1263
Child

Citations

  1. [S308] Ancestral Roots, Seventh ed. , 31.
  2. [S149] Charlemagne's Descendants , 2:148.

Walter de Clifford

M, d. 1263
     He married Margaret of Wales, daughter of Llewellyn ap Iowerth Prince of North Wales and Joan Plantagenet, at of Cliffords Castle, Hertfordshire, England, after 1233.1 Walter died in 1263.1

Family

Margaret of Wales
Child

Citations

  1. [S308] Ancestral Roots, Seventh ed. , 31.

Maude de Clifford

F, d. 1283
Father*Walter de Clifford d. 1263
Mother*Margaret of Wales
     Maude was born at England.1 As of before 1257,her married name was Longspee.1 She married William III Longspee Earl of Salisbury before 1257.1 She married John, Lord of Giffard at England in 1258.1 Maude died in 1283.1

Family 2

John, Lord of Giffard b. c 1232, d. 29 May 1299
Child

Citations

  1. [S308] Ancestral Roots, Seventh ed. , 31.

John, Lord of Giffard1

M, b. circa 1232, d. 29 May 1299
     John, was born at of, Brimsfield, England, circa 1232.1 He married Maude de Clifford, daughter of Walter de Clifford and Margaret of Wales, at England in 1258.1 John, died on 29 May 1299 at Boynton, Wiltshire, England.2

Family

Maude de Clifford d. 1283
Child

Citations

  1. [S308] Ancestral Roots, Seventh ed. , 31.
  2. [S149] Charlemagne's Descendants , 2:148.

Eleanor Giffard

F, d. 1325
Father*John, Lord of Giffard b. c 1232, d. 29 May 1299
Mother*Maude de Clifford d. 1283
     Eleanor was born at England.1 Her married name was Strange.2,3 She married Fulk, 1st Lord le Strange, son of Robert le Strange of Wrockwarden and Eleanor de Whitechurch, at England say 1287.2,1 Eleanor died in 1325 at England.2

Family

Fulk, 1st Lord le Strange b. c 1267, d. bt 23 Jan 1324 - 1325
Children

Citations

  1. [S308] Ancestral Roots, Seventh ed. , 31.
  2. [S149] Charlemagne's Descendants , 2:148.
  3. [S955] Douglas Richardson Magna Carta Ancestry, 1:208.

Fulk, 1st Lord le Strange1

M, b. circa 1267, d. between 23 January 1324 and 1325
Father*Robert le Strange of Wrockwarden1 d. 1276
Mother*Eleanor de Whitechurch1
     Fulk, was born at England circa 1267.2 He married Eleanor Giffard, daughter of John, Lord of Giffard and Maude de Clifford, at England say 1287.3,2 Fulk, died between 23 January 1324 and 1325.2

Family

Eleanor Giffard d. 1325
Children

Citations

  1. [S956] Hamon Le Strange, Strange Records, 153.
  2. [S308] Ancestral Roots, Seventh ed. , 31.
  3. [S149] Charlemagne's Descendants , 2:148.
  4. [S955] Douglas Richardson Magna Carta Ancestry, 1:208.

Elizabeth le Strange

F, d. 1376
Father*Fulk, 1st Lord le Strange b. c 1267, d. bt 23 Jan 1324 - 1325
Mother*Eleanor Giffard d. 1325
     Elizabeth was born at England. She married Robert Corbet at England before 1323.1 Elizabeth died in 1376 at England.1

Family

Robert Corbet b. 1304, d. 1375
Children

Citations

  1. [S149] Charlemagne's Descendants , 2:148.

Robert Corbet

M, b. 1304, d. 1375
     Robert was born at Salopshire, England, in 1304.1 He married Elizabeth le Strange, daughter of Fulk, 1st Lord le Strange and Eleanor Giffard, at England before 1323.1 Robert died in 1375.2

Family

Elizabeth le Strange d. 1376
Children

Citations

  1. [S149] Charlemagne's Descendants , 2:148.
  2. [S308] Ancestral Roots, Seventh ed. , 32.

Sir Robert de Harley

M, d. after 1359
     Robert was born at Harley, Salopshire, England.1 Robert died after 1359 at Harley, Shropshire, England.1

Family

Child

Citations

  1. [S149] Charlemagne's Descendants , 2:148.

Joan de Harley

F, d. after 1341
Father*Sir Robert de Harley d. a 1359
     Joan was born at England.1 Her descent from Joan de Corbet and Sir Robert de Harley has been disproved. Her father was a different Sir Robert de Harley than the one who married Joan de Corbet. See Ancestral Roots, 7th Edition, page 31. The line shown in Charlemagne's Descendants, Volume II, page 148 is incorrect. She married John de Besford at England before 1334.2 Joan died after 1341 at England.1

Family

John de Besford
Child

Citations

  1. [S308] Ancestral Roots, Seventh ed. , 31.
  2. [S149] Charlemagne's Descendants , 2:148.

John de Besford

M
     John died. John was born at Hull, England.1 He married Joan de Harley, daughter of Sir Robert de Harley, at England before 1334.1

Family

Joan de Harley d. a 1341
Child

Citations

  1. [S149] Charlemagne's Descendants , 2:148.

Alexander de Besford

M, d. before 1403
Father*John de Besford
Mother*Joan de Harley d. a 1341
     Alexander was born at England.1 He married Beatrice de Thorndon? at England.1,2 Alexander died before 1403 at England.1

Family

Beatrice de Thorndon? d. 1404
Child

Citations

  1. [S149] Charlemagne's Descendants , 2:149.
  2. [S308] Ancestral Roots, Seventh ed. , 31.

Beatrice de Thorndon?

F, d. 1404
     She married Alexander de Besford, son of John de Besford and Joan de Harley, at England.1,2 Beatrice died in 1404 at England.1

Family

Alexander de Besford d. b 1403
Child

Citations

  1. [S149] Charlemagne's Descendants , 2:149.
  2. [S308] Ancestral Roots, Seventh ed. , 31.